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COMSTD 72 Logic & Argumentation: Claim of Fact, Value, & Policy

Claim of Fact, Value, & Policy

Claim of Fact, Value or Policy Statistics, surveys and studies out of academic journals (written by experts in the field) found in Library Databases provide credible resources to support a program, initiative or policy claim.

Claim of FactAsserts that a condition has existed, exists, or will exist. To support a claim of fact, use factual evidence that is sufficient, reliable, and appropriate.

Claim of Value:  Makes a judgment by expressing approval or disapproval, attempting to prove that some action, belief or condition is right or wrong, good or bad, beautiful or ugly, worthwhile or undesirable. Value claims about morality express judgments about the rightness or wrongness of conduct or belief.

Claim of Policy:  Claims of policy or solutions propose and promote policies and solutions based on changing an existing policy that is either inadequate for dealing with a bad situation or conducive to its perpetuation.

Using Library Databases to support Claims

Opposing Viewpoints: 

  • Provides a good overview on current issues with a variety of sources such as newspaper articles, policy information, and statistics.
  • The Viewpoint articles provide good examples of arguments for and against different topics.

Academic Search Complete: 

  • Include choices to refine a search by topic, and may sometimes include a narrower subtopics, such as:
    • Statistics, case study, policy or law & legislation.
    • Look for Subject in the lower left pane of the Results page and click on arrow to view potential narrower topics
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