César Chávez (March 31, 1927 - April 23, 1993)
Chávez believed that unionizing was the only chance for farm workers to improve their working conditions. He resigned in 1962, increasingly frustrated because the CSO would not become involved in forming a farm workers’ union. He immediately established the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the UFW, an affiliate of the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO). At the UFW’s first meeting in September 1962, in Fresno, California, Chávez’s cousin, Manuel Chávez, unveiled the flag that he and Chávez had designed for the new union—a black Aztec eagle in a white circle on a bold red background. The banner soon became the symbol of the farm workers’ struggle. Continue . . .